Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
Manitoba Hydro Place, Winnipeg
Posted November 2011

Manitoba Hydro Place was recognized as the Best Tall Building Americas Winner in the 2009 CTBUH Awards Program.

Other Featured Tall Buildings
“An excellent example of a truly integrated design process. It represents a very high standard of design and will serve as a great example for energy conscious projects. It’s great to see architects pushing the limits of sustainable design.”
Gordon Gill, CTBUH 2009 Awards Committee Chairman, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture

115 m (377 ft)
Primary Use

Manitoba Hydro
Design Architect
Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects
Associate Architect
Smith Carter Architects and Engineers
Climate Engineer
Structural Engineer
Halcrow Yolles;
Croslier Kilgour & Partners
J.D. Strachan Construction
Other Consultants

It is evident that sustainability was at the forefront of the design considerations for Manitoba Hydro Place. The project serves as a model of excellence internationally for how a project can be developed from the onset with sustainability in mind and utilizes natural passive systems to create dramatic efficiencies in energy usage and human comfort. It is an excellent example of a truly integrated design process, and represents a very high standard of design that will serve as a great example for future energy-conscious projects.

The visually striking line of the solar chimney on the north façade adds drama to the design and makes this an instant landmark for the city of Winnipeg.  The designers had a clear agenda that went beyond just the building itself, implementing many strategies that would work to enliven and reinvigorate downtown Winnipeg.

Manitoba Hydro is the major energy utility in the Province of Manitoba, the fourth largest energy utility in Canada and it offers some of the lowest electricity rates in the world. Owned by the provincial government, nearly all of its electricity comes from self-renewing water power. Its new headquarters tower, Manitoba Hydro Place, is the first of the next generation of sustainable buildings that integrated time-tested environmental concepts with advanced technologies to achieve a “living building” that dynamically responds to the local climate.

Located in downtown Winnipeg, the city is known for its extreme climate, with temperatures that fluctuate from -35ºC (-31ºF) to +34ºC (95ºF) over the year. The tower is targeting less than 100 kWh/m²/annum compared to 400 kWh/m²/annum for a typical large scale North American office tower located in a more temperate climate. The architectural solution clearly responds to the client’s vision, and relies on passive free energy without compromising on design quality and, most importantly, human comfort.
The street address, 360 Portage Avenue, encapsulates the three-hundred and sixty degree approach of the formal Integrated Design Process (IDP) mandated by the client to achieve the objectives of 60% energy savings, supportive workplace, urban revitalization, signature architecture and cost effectiveness. The site was strategically selected because over 95% of the bus routes pass this address, including routes to suburban Winnipeg where 80% of Manitoba Hydro employees live. The IDP process was greatly enhanced by extensive computer modeling using local wind, sun and temperature data to evaluate design options. The building is already projected to outperform its original energy goal by 64% or higher.

Embraced and nicknamed the “Open Book” by citizens of Winnipeg, the tower design forms a capital ‘A’; composed of two 18-story office towers which rest on a stepped, three-story, street-scaled podium.
Figure 1. Integrated architecture & energy performance
The towers converge at the north and splay open to the south for maximum exposure to the abundant sunlight and consistently-robust southerly winds unique to Winnipeg’s climate. The podium includes a publicly accessible Galleria to offer citizens a sheltered pedestrian route through the full city block. Narrow floor plates and tall floor-to-ceiling glazing allow sunlight to penetrate into the core. A double façade curtain-wall system forms a one meter (3ft) wide buffer zone. It is comprised of a double-glazed outer wall and a single-glazed inner wall which insulates the building against heat and cold. Automated louver shades control glare and heat gain while radiant slabs act as an internal heat exchange with the geothermal field.

A 115-meter (377ft) tall solar chimney marks the north elevation and main entrance on Portage Avenue, and establishes an iconic presence for Manitoba Hydro on the skyline. The solar chimney is a key element in the passive ventilation system which relies on the natural stack effect to draw used air out of the building during the shoulder seasons and summer months. In winter, exhaust air is drawn to the bottom of the solar chimney by fans, and heat recovered from this exhaust air is used to warm the parkade and to preheat the incoming cold air in the south atria.
Figure 2. Detail view of solar chimney crown
In contrast to conventional North American office buildings which use re-circulated air, Manitoba Hydro Place is filled with 100% fresh air, 24 hours a day, year round, regardless of outside temperatures. Within the splay of the two towers, a series of three, six-story south atria, or winter gardens, form the lungs of the building, drawing in outside air and pre-conditioning it before it enters the workspaces through adjustable vents in the raised floor. Depending on the season, a 24-meter (78ft) tall waterfall feature in each of the atria humidifies or dehumidifies the incoming air. During colder temperatures, recovered heat from exhaust air, and passive solar radiant energy are used to warm the fresh air.

The conditioned air is drawn through the floors into the offices through under-floor fan units. Building occupants, computers and other sources of heat cause the air to rise; the air is then drawn north and exhausted by the solar chimney. In the shoulder seasons, the building relies solely on outdoor fresh air through automatic and manually-operated windows.
Manually operated windows on the interior curtain wall, combined with the automated exterior wall vents, allow employees to control their individual environment. This elemental detail reflects Manitoba Hydro’s commitment to the well-being of its employees, as well as supporting goals of improved productivity and reduced absenteeism. Workstations and glass-enclosed meeting spaces are organized into neighborhoods around each atrium to support individual and team-centered work processes.  In both the north and south atria, interconnecting stairs promote physical activity, reduce reliance on elevators and provide opportunities for interaction between divisions.
Figure 3. Envelope Detail

Manitoba Hydro Place also has the largest closed-loop geothermal system in the province. Two hundred and eighty boreholes, each 150 mm (6in) in diameter, penetrate the site 125 meters (400ft) underground, circulating glycol which is cooled in the summer and heated in the winter by the ground source heat exchanger. Water is circulated through the heat exchanger and distributed through the thermal mass of the concrete structure which in turn heats or cools the space consistently.

The podium rooftops feature deep soil intensive green roofs and accessible terraces, creating a lush landscaped outdoor amenity for employees, while also reducing storm water runoff and providing additional thermal insulation. A reflective coating on the tower rooftops reduces the summer season cooling load and the urban heat island effect.

Manitoba Hydro is as invested in creating a supportive workplace and revitalizing Winnipeg’s downtown as it is achieving energy savings and signature architecture. The building connects to the city’s elevated sheltered pedestrian network. In the former head office, located in the suburbs of Winnipeg, 95% of the employees drove to work alone. In anticipation of the transition, Manitoba Hydro secured a number of parking stalls downtown.

Figure 4. Perspective view of public galleria—view from the west
At the same time, it created various incentives, including corporate participation in the Transit EcoPass program to encourage employee use of public transit. Six months after moving into the new building, more than 50% of relocated employees are leaving their cars at home. As a result, Manitoba Hydro has been able to reduce its parking spots and has observed a five-fold increase in employee use of public transit compared to the previous year. Qualitatively, employees are reporting that they are enjoying time gained to read and socialize with colleagues.

With a vested interest in the downtown, leasing opportunities in the base building are limited in an effort to stimulate the support of local businesses, and to encourage staff to experience their city. Restaurants and bars are already reporting a significant increase in revenue as a result of the influx of over 1600 Hydro employees to the area.

Ultimately, Manitoba Hydro Place sets a precedent for the seamless integration of architectural excellence and climate-responsive, energy-efficient and sustainable design while enhancing and improving the quality and comfort of the human experience and the civility of urban life.

Figure 5. Streetview

Related Links
CTBUH Skyscraper Center Profile:
Manitoba Hydro Place

Manitoba Hydro Place was recognized as the Best Tall Building Americas Winner in the 2009 CTBUH Awards Program.
Download the Manitoba Hydro Place 2009 CTBUH Awards Book section
2009 CTBUH Awards Book

Video Interview - Bruce Kuwabara

The CTBUH would like to thank Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects for their assistance with this article. Photos & Drawings © Smith Carter; Renderings © Bryan Christie Designs